- (1887-1953)architect; a leading exponent of functionalism. Born to a businessman of Russo-Polish heritage in Allenstein, East Prussia, he studied architecture during 1908-1912. He took his doctorate in 1912 and came under the influence of Expressionism* by attaching himself to Munich's Blaue Reiter group. He enlisted in 1915 and sketched his first visionary designs while serving in the army. Upon opening an office in Berlin,* he helped found the Novembergruppe* in 1919 and organized an exhibition of his drawings. The first of his major buildings was a reinforced-concrete research laboratory in Potsdam: the Einstein Tower (completed in 1921), it is judged the best application of Expressionism to architecture. It also established Mendel-sohn's career.Utilizing a commission from the Mosse* publishing house, whose headquar-ters he had redesigned, Mendelsohn financed a 1924 research trip to the United States. Amerika, Bilderbuch eines Architekten (America: Picturebook of an ar-chitect), his 1926 publication in praise of the American metropolis, was one of the most successful architectural publications of the period. After a sojourn in the Soviet Union* he compiled a book of photographs that provided a compar-ative cross-section of design in the United States, Russia, and Europe. Of the several important modern architects of his era, he was the one who best com-bined elegance with strong construction. In 1924, with such luminaries as Walter Gropius,* Bruno Taut,* and Ludwig Mies,* he founded the Ring, an association of the Republic's leading modernist architects.The high point of Mendelsohn's work came in 1926-1932. His several build-ings included department stores for Salman Schocken* in Nuremberg, Stuttgart, and Chemnitz. In Berlin he designed the Woga Complex on Kurfürstendamm and the Columbushaus on Potsdamer Platz. Employing horizontal line, his per-sonal style incorporated curved facades with ribbons of long windows.Of Jewish ancestry, Mendelsohn typically received his commissions from Jewish firms. Threatened early in 1933 with arrest, he fled to London. During 1936-1941 he resided in Palestine, where his designs included numerous public buildings and the home of Chaim Weizmann, Zionist leader and first IsraeliPresident. He moved in 1941 to the United States, where his final years were devoted to designing Jewish community centers.REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; Eckardt, Eric Mendelsohn; Pehnt, Expressionist Architecture; Dennis Sharp, Modern Architecture and Expression-ism.
A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. C. Paul Vincent.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mendelsohn, Erich — SUBJECT AREA: Architecture and building [br] b. 21 March 1887 Allenstein, East Prussia d. 15 September 1953 San Francisco, California, USA [br] German architect, a pioneering innovator in the modern International style of building that developed… … Biographical history of technology
Mendelsohn, Erich — born March 21, 1887, Allenstein, Ger. died Sept. 15, 1953, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. German architect. While studying architecture in Munich, he was influenced by the Blaue Reiter group of Expressionist artists. Mendelsohn s Einstein Tower,… … Universalium
Mendelsohn, Erich — ► (1887 1953) Arquitecto alemán. Autor del observatorio astronómico de Potsdam y los almacenes Schockem en Stuttgart. * * * (21 mar. 1887, Allenstein, Alemania–15 sep. 1953, San Francisco, Cal., EE.UU.). Arquitecto alemán. Mientras estudiaba… … Enciclopedia Universal
Mendelsohn, Erich — (1887–1953) German architect. Mendelsohn was an outstanding exponent of modern, functional architectural design and the use of free concrete forms. He left Germany in 1933 when Hitler came to power, and after a period in England lived for five … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
MENDELSOHN, Erich — (1887 1953) See EXPRESSIONISM … Historical Dictionary of Architecture
Mendelsohn — Mendelsohn, Erich … Enciclopedia Universal
Erich Mendelssohn — Erich Mendelsohn (* 21. März 1887 in Allenstein (Ostpreußen); † 15. September 1953 in San Francisco, USA) war ein bedeutender Architekt des 20. Jahrhunderts. Am bekanntesten sind seine Werke der 1920er Jahre, die sich am ehesten als… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Erich Mendelsohn — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Erich Mendelsohn (* 21 de marzo de 1887 en Allenstein (Prusia oriental), † 15 de septiembre de 1953 en San Francisco, EE. UU.) fue un reconocido arquitecto del siglo XX, máximo exponente de la arquitectura… … Wikipedia Español
MENDELSOHN (E.) — MENDELSOHN ERICH (1887 1953) L’architecture pourrait n’être qu’un art du dessin. Les quinze cents esquisses de l’architecte allemand Mendelsohn, dont le corpus fut publié de mai 1962 à octobre 1964 par la revue Architettura , figureraient alors… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Erich Mendelsohn — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mendelsohn. La tour Einstein à Potsdam Erich Mendelsohn (Allenstein, 21 mars … Wikipédia en Français